USPS Logo – The United States Postal Service (USPS) is the postal service government of the United States of America, known by its old name U.S. Mail, as provided by the U.S. Constitution. It was created by a decree of the Second Continental Congress on 26 July 1775 in Philadelphia as the United States Post Office under Benjamin Franklin who was the first Postmaster General (“Postmaster General”).
From 1792 to 1971, he was the Post Office Department reports directly to the presidential office, the Postmaster General being then a member of the Cabinet (the same as the other secretaries). Since 1971, this is an independent agency of the executive branch of the U.S. federal government. The United States Postal Service employs over 596,000 people, making it the third largest employer in the United States, after the Defense Department and the retail company Walmart.
The USPS operates the largest civilian fleet in the world, with an estimated 260 000 vehicles, most of which are readily recognizable as the Chevrolet Grumman LLV (Long Life Vehicle), and the new Ford Utilimaster FFV (Flex-Fuel Vehicle). In an interview, an official member of USPS has indicated that for every dollar increase in gasoline prices, the USPS spends an extra $ 8 million for fuel in its fleet. This implies that the fleet requires some 3 billion liters of fuel per year which is about $ 3.2 billion. Some rural carriers use their personal vehicles. Postal vehicles do not have license plates. They are identified by a seven-digit number displayed on the front and rear of the vehicle.