FIFA Logo – The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (International Federation of Association Football), universally known by its acronym FIFA, is the institution that governs federations of football worldwide. Founded on May 21 of 1904 and is headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland. Part of the IFAB, which is responsible to modify the rules of the game. In addition, FIFA organizes World Cup championships in various forms.
FIFA groups 208 soccer associations or federations of different countries, with more than 16 countries affiliated with the United Nations Organization, and five less than the International Association of Athletics Federations and the International Basketball Federation, both with 213 federations.
The increasing popularity and international competition in football in the early twentieth century became necessary to create a single regulatory body of the sport worldwide. The English Football Association had discussions about the formation of an international federation, but this initiative was not welcomed. Then seven other Europeans gathered to join, and thus, FIFA was founded in Paris on May 21 of 1904 – The name French acronym and kept up to date, including countries outside the francophone-. England not initially participated in its formation and would only join until next year. Its first president was the Frenchman Robert Guérin.
The next president, Joseph Blatter, has maintained this policy by organizing the first World Cup in Asia (World 2002) and Africa (World Cup 2010). Now visualize the Federation as a great international organization whose actions have global economic and political impact. Has continued to modernize the game, celebrating the centenary of FIFA in 2004.
On May 27th of 2007 took the decision to ban international matches at altitudes higher than 2500 meters over sea level. This decision led to discrepancies in countries like Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and Mexico who were preparing to play games officers towards the World Cup of 2010 at higher altitude. Norma decided suspended in the last day of May 2008, a few days before making the fifth round of the qualifiers for the World Cup 2010 between Bolivia and Chile, where they were uncertain where they finally play the game.