Columbia Records Logo – Columbia Records is the oldest brand name used in the sound recording, dating from 1888 . He is currently a subsidiary of the brand Sony Music. Columbia was originally the distributor and seller of the phonograph of Edison and their respective cylinders in Washington, DC , Maryland andDelaware . As was the custom of some regional companies phonographs, Columbia produced many commercial cylinder recordings in which distributed. Columbia increased its trade ties with Edison and the “North American Phonograph Company” in 1893 , and thereafter sold only records and phonographs of its own manufacture.
Columbia began selling records and phonographs recorded in parallel with the cylinder systems in 1901 . For a decade, Columbia competed with both Records company Edison cylinders and with the record company “Victor Talking Machine”, one of the three big names in the transnational industry of recorded sound. In 1908 Columbia introduced mass production of double-sided discs, with recordings stamped on both sides of the disc.This is usually done to commercial recordings of popular music and some famous singers, as the recordings of celebrities such as famous opera singers and instrumentalists, remained one sided until 1923 when it was decided (along with Victor Talking Machine) stop making these kinds of discs and devoting himself to the production of double discs.
In 1903 , the company began the series of records of celebrities under the name “Columbia Record Grand Opera”, with some of the most prominent opera singers of the time Ernestine Schumann-Heink as Edouard de Reszke and Sigrid Arnoldson. It was a single sided disc with piano accompaniment, as is generally done until 1905 when the singers began to be accompanied by orchestra.
Columbia precedent on innovation and improvement that made their products, either by improving some devices patented by Edison or providing improvements of his own inventiveness on the mechanism of the devices and the acoustic part, improving the membranes of playback and recording and coming often overcome with the apparatus of Edison in mechanics and sound reproduction.
In July 1912 Columbia decided to concentrate exclusively on disc recordings, leaving the manufacturing cylinder phonographs and the respective cylinders, although the company continued pressing and selling cylinder recordings of their previous catalog by one or two years.
In early 1925 , Columbia began recording albums under the then new electrical recording process created by the American company Western Electric and was known commercially Tonal live . In a secret agreement with Victor, both companies were not public knowledge, the new recording process for a few months, not to hurt sales of its remaining acoustic recordings was built while the new catalog of electrical recordings. In 1926 , Columbia acquired “Okeh Records.” In October 1928 , the executive of Columbia, Walter Frank Buckley ventured to produce the first recordings of music genre country or “hillbilly” in Johnson City , Tennessee , and included artists of the genre such as Clarence Green and violinist and actor lengendario , Charlie Bowman .